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When it comes to oral health be it in humans or cats, it shouldn’t be ignored. If overlooked it causes tooth loss and decay. Therefore, being a pet parent, you need to be vigilant about your cat’s oral health.
Gum disease, also known as gingivitis or periodontal. It is a lasting irritation in gums and it worsens over time leading to tooth loss. It damages the underlying root and bone, causing infection, pain and other dental problems.
The term Periodontal is derived from ancient Greeks and it means around the tooth. It is the common oral condition suffered by cats. Regardless, of the reason, pet parents need to pay attention to signs and take appropriate action in time.
Gum disease in cats occur in four stages, and it ranges from mild to severe:
Stage 1 – Signs of gingivitis like swelling, red gums, tartar are visible. Tooth and gum do not separate
Stage 2 – Tooth crown become weak and gums are painful
Stage 3 – Gum and teeth start to separate; plaque gets collected under the gum line
Stage 4 – Roots are exposed, tartar gets collected and gums start to withdraw. Teeth must be
Cause of Gum Disease in Cats
The major reason for gum disease in cats is a lack of oral hygiene. Since cats cannot brush by themselves or use the floss being a pet parent it's your responsibility to teach them and build a habit. All of this can be done when they are young. As they grow older it will become difficult for you to teach them.
Slavia, food creates plaque in the mouth and this stays under the gum line resulting in tartar. This condition when not treated becomes serious and teeth start to separate from gums. It starts from gingivitis and transforms into periodontal disease.
Treatment of Gum Disease in Cats
Depending on the severity of the gum disease the treatment is done. Sometimes by taking preventive care things are sorted. However, sometimes a tooth extraction is the only solution.
Treatment for Early Stages – If you are able to detect gum problems in early stages you can prevent it from progressing. The first step is to brush your cat’s teeth. For this use a soft brush and a toothpaste designed for cat’s brushing. Do not make the mistake of using human toothpaste.
Treatment for stages two and three – At this stage cleaning between the teeth and gums becomes important. This way the accumulated tartar can be removed and the damage can be reversed. For this, you should consult a veterinarian.
Treatment for advanced stages- This stage is very severe there is no going back. However, procedures such as root canal, deep cleaning, whitening, bone replacement and saving your cat from a tooth extraction. If nothing of this helps then the last resort is to extract the tooth. This will slow down the damage and will help live your pet a healthy life.
Periodontal disease is irreversible therefore we need to take care of them and prevent it from happening. The most important thing you need to do to stop this from happening is to develop a habit of brushing teeth from your cat’s early age. Also, you need to visit a dentist from time to time.
Besides, there are other things that you need to keep in mind:
- Go for veterinary cleaning
- Set a schedule for a regular oral health regime
- Brush your cat’s teeth if you cannot do it daily, do it thrice a week
- Feed your cat with special dental diets
- Give them top quality protein for stronger and healthy muscles
By keeping these simple tips in mind you can save your cat from gum disease and can be a good pet parent. Like newborns, infants cannot say anything your pets too cannot say a word. You need to understand through their gestures and change in behavior. This is the only way you can take care of your friend who is always by your side.